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After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message:. Not everything over there is fully functional yet, and the internal links still point to this blog, and will for the indefinite future. So all the old material will be left here for archival purposes, with comments turned off.

Too often they thought they were in the service of stability, but later found out that was not the case. Norway is one of the smallest countries in the world, and one of the largest contributors to the Palestinian Authority PA and others, with annual donations of over Million NOK.

Especially since the current left-wing Labor government took office in , the donations have exploded. What are these sums spent on? Recently the remuneration for suicide bombers was tripled. Those who have carried out the worst attacks against innocent civilians receive the highest pay.

Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center figures from show that Palestinians have conducted 25, terrorist attacks, suicide attacks leading to 1, dead Israelis and 7, wounded between and Fatah conducted acts of terrorism in alone, according to Terrorism Review. Many more foreign hostages than originally reported were taken by the Al Qaeda terrorists at the Amenas gas plant in Algeria. The Algerian government says that out of were freed, and some sources say that 30 or more hostages were killed.

The British government offered the Algerians manpower, equipment, and expert assistance to expedite the resolution of the crisis, but was refused. American, British, and French nationals are thought to be among the dead. In other news, the latest figures from Angola indicate that at least , Chinese nationals have migrated to the country. The Angolan government says that work permits were issued for the Chinese to assist with development projects.

To see the headlines and the articles, open the full news post. Thanks to Andy Bostom, C. Commenters are advised to leave their comments at this post rather than with the news articles so that they are more easily accessible. Gates of Vienna cannot vouch for the authenticity or accuracy of the contents of any individual item posted here. We check each entry to make sure it is relatively interesting, not patently offensive, and at least superficially plausible.

Further research and verification are left to the reader. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from Unzensuriert. The number of pupils with a first language other than German has doubled from to The doubling in the number of multilingual students is evident in virtually all provinces in Austria. The Styrian province is the only outlier, where the number of children with a different native language has tripled from about 5, to 16, The nationwide statistics conceals the dramatic developments in Vienna, because German is hardly spoken in the primary schools of the federal capital.

For a complete listing of previous enrichment news, see The Cultural Enrichment Archives. Scroll down for other posts that have appeared since Wednesday. Certain posts at Gates of Vienna, among them those by Takuan Seiyo, tend to attract the attention and comments of people who are preoccupied with the Jews. I generally delete such comments without publishing them.

Before I deleted it, I sent it to Takuan, just to show him what was coming in. He suggested that I go ahead and post it, followed by his response.

Some interesting points, a lot of waffle and some errors. Top class, modern historians now regard that figure as grotesquely disproportionate. It is one of the most successful internationsal businesses of all time.

You have the temerity to post this kind of Nazi apologist garbage in a comments thread of an article by a writer whose gentile grandparents had been murdered in a concentration camp and whose gentile mother spent two years in a labor-extermination camp, was a state witness in the post-war trial of its commandant, and relayed her wartime experiences to this writer directly.

Moreover, a writer who was born and grew up one hour by car from Auschwitz and three kilometers from the plant where the firm Hoch und Tiefbau AG had built the crematoria for that camp. In which, alone, 2. Moreover, you desecrate the memory of Witold Pilecki plus other Polish officer escapees from Auschwitz who produced written reports, e. I am omitting here reports by Jewish escapees, for example the Vrba-Wetzler report, as well as the fate of the Jewish part of my family during the war, so as to skirt the whole specious Joooos-tainted-it aspect of your comment.

The lowest for Auschwitz, for instance by the Polish historian Franciszek Piper , cites 1. The highest figure cited for Auschwitz is 4 million. However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage.

Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo. See the list at the bottom of this post for links to the previous installments.

For over 60 years, White mea-culpists have had a firm grip in all fields of cultural mind imprinting: Their main endeavor has been to enforce their compulsory e. K and discretionary e. Nor the evils of the worldwide Islamic Inquisition which — not in the 16th century but now, in the 21st, condemns Muslim apostates to barbaric execution.

Instead, aggressive White androphobes of all genders which I can no longer count are decimating the philogynous and egalitarian West. Equality psychos are tearing down the most egalitarian society that ever existed except for initial communist experiments, before they turned bloody.

American Jews, at the apex of the greatest fortune and philosemitic tolerance their long diaspora has ever bestowed on their kind, are busy supporting all the ideologies and policies that demolish their safe harbor and build up their Muslim, Black and Third World enemies. Leftoid masochists and the Christian meek call for returning Hawaii to the Hawaiians and capitulating before a massive Mexican reconquista of one-third of America. The rightful Etruscan landowners are not bearing angry placards in front of the Vatican.

The Japanese are not planning to relinquish Hokkaido to its original owners, the Ainu. The tall, white and fair-haired Chachapoyas of the Andean forest have, alas, no remnants left to sue the Incas for genocide in a Peruvian court of law.

However, even that great moral abyss of Western civilization — the Holocausts — stands out more in its industrialized and organizational features than it does either in the quality of its hatefulness or its relative or even absolute volumes.

In relative numbers, in just one year, , the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda, killed off a total of one million, in a population of 7 million. Is it more humane to go by a stroke of a blunt machete than by a whiff of Zyklon B? The Khmer Rouge murdered at least 2 million Cambodians between and Is it more humane to die by wallops from a Cambodian pickaxe handle than by a bullet from a German Mauser?

Inscription on the back in German: There is a special horror attached to the Third Reich, because those were 20 th century Europeans, Christians, and in many ways the smartest, most civilized people on Earth. But the Holocausts do not prove that Whites are worse than other people, just that they are no better. The history of the Third Reich also proves that with the right formula of economic blowup, misery and humiliation, sparked by charismatic evil, no people are immune to such horror, at no time.

Our Norwegian correspondent The Observer sends his translation of an article and interview with two respectable high-profile Muslim leaders in Oslo, who have strongly negative opinions about Jews and the worldwide Jewish conspiracy. A new trend seems to have developed in the Islamic community in Norway: It should also be pointed out that this is the same mosque that the Norwegian police apologized so profusely to last year for the fact that we have freedom of speech in Norway.

The translated article from Dagsavisen:. Many Norwegians have a negative view on Islam due to Jewish domination of the media. We are visiting Central Jamaat-e Ahl-e Sunnat, the mosque with the largest member base in Norway, to talk to its spiritual leader. The mosque was founded in and currently has more than 5, members. The Imam begins by explaining that all three heavenly religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, are sacred to them.

Many people are unaware of this fact, says Sarwar. Both of them believe that the school visits confirms their views that Norwegians in general have an inaccurate impression of Islam and Muslims. People are ignorant because they get their information from the media, and the media only write negatively about Islam. Only a handful of people were behind the movie about Mohammed in the U. So who was financing them, who was backing them? A big tip of the Bodissey pickelhaube to our commenter Jolie Rouge, who has provided us with a brand new acronym.

Note the aggressor is not named other than by geographical location e. North Africa, Afghanistan and surprisingly the inclusion of Turkey. I think JIM could have great utility for our enterprise: Who will be the first major Western politician not counting Geert Wilders to break the greatest cultural taboo of our time, and mess around with JIM? Yesterday a group of Al Qaeda terrorists assaulted a natural gas plant in Algeria and killed two foreigners while taking 41 other hostage. Today Algerian special forces staged a helicopter raid on the plant, killing a number of the hostages — between six and 34, depending on whose figures you believe — in the process of taking out the terrorists.

Among the foreign hostages were American, British, French, and Japanese nationals. In other news, Germany has begun repatriating its foreign gold reserves, which are stored in vaults in Paris, London, and the United States. The following article tells a brief tale about immigrant-on-immigrant violence in Cologne, with Muslims of immigrant background dealing it out and Russian immigrants as victims. It shows the attempts by a Turk to protect a Russian family and being killed for his trouble.

The translated article from Quotenqueen:. Two criminal foreigners, free to terrorize their neighbors despite drug-related and violent crimes, killed a Turkish husband and father who tried to get them to behave. It happened in a sector of the city called Bickendorf — a district notorious for years for immigrant violence and bordering on the thoroughly Islamized Ehrenfeld.

But no one was killed. The Spanish government recently revoked his status as a political refugee in Spain, and he is due to be deported to Pakistan, where he will face the death penalty for blasphemy.

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Samaritan uses "Asa Martin" as an alias for his civilian life, but that is not his "real" identity — that got erased when he altered history. He used to avoid making public appearances and accepting awards, because those are seconds that could be used rescuing people.

But he started getting a bad reputation for 'snubbing' people, so now he makes the time. That men and women can be equals? Or that women must stand alone to be strong?

A prominent female superhero who often draws attention and controversy for her advocacy of women's rights. She is appointed — and empowered — by the Council of Nike, a spectral group of women who watch over and judge her actions.

The "Victory" story has Winged Victory being falsely accused of masterminding villainous activities to promote a pro-feminism agenda. The Council of Nike can weaken her powers or even remove them entirely if her actions displease them. Dark and Troubled Past: In her past life, Lauren Freed was often taunted and mocked by others, from insensitive classmates to selfish boyfriends, and was constantly running away as a result.

After her cheating boyfriend tossed her out of their apartment, she traveled to Europe, where she was drawn to the Greek island of Samotrace and appointed by the Council of Nike. She spends almost all of her time as the super-powered Winged Victory, and only grudgingly admits it's because she's afraid of going back to what she was before. She's as strong and tough as Samaritan and can fly at immense speeds. Gets into a long-term relationship with Samaritan over the course of the series.

I Just Want to Be Special: She IS special now, but was once a timid, scrawny young woman who had been treated like dirt pretty much her entire life one way or another. She rarely switches back to her original identity now because she's afraid of losing her powers.

It's not until she briefly faces the very real chance of losing the Council's favor after she's targeted by a massive bad PR campaign orchestrated by one of her arch-enemies that she comes to terms with this. Winged Victory flies into battle in full armor wielding a sword. Winged Victory prefers to stay in her transformed superpowered form all the time, possibly because it's a refuge from her original frail, cowardly past life.

She can't even recall the last time she visited her mother, noting only that it's been years. The Council of Nike, a worldwide psychic network of thousands of women. Their unified goal is to help women everywhere, with Winged Victory being a vessel for their collective power. She becomes considerably weakened when they question her devotion to the cause. Some citizens view Winged Victory in a distinctively negative light because of her strong advocacy for women's rights and independence.

Surveillance as the Plot Demands: Her medallion lets her see images of women in danger. In her civilian identity, Winged Victory wears a necklace with an amulet shaped like her logo. She touches it to transform into her Lady of War form. Winged Victory champions women's rights, but recognizes that she's not the be all end all solution to society's gender divide, and is ultimately just a normal woman trying to do the best she can and lead by example.

As per her name, Winged Victory has a large pair of feathered wings in her superpowered form. The only unusual thing about him is the youth serum. With the crime lord known as Bamboo in the 70s. The rejuvenation serum's only ever worked on him, and no one's sure why. One scientist mentions that it altered him to make him compatible with it, but for some reason that's never happened again. Wields an electric rapier.

Of Batman , with a little bit of Zorro mixed in. The Black Rapier has his life extended due to a rejuvenation serum. Repaired Beautie once when she was badly damaged. The Black Rapier retires in a story, lampshading his year-long crimefighting career.

A mainstay of Astro City in The '60s and The '70s , the Silver Agent was a beloved hero, with his sterling career marred by a shameful controversy. Even after he had been found guilty of murder and executed, the Silver Agent still uses time travel to repeatedly return to Astro City and save it through several major crises, and his selfless sacrifice shames the citizenry for decades. Downplayed, but he admits that he has left and hurt a lot of women.

For quite some time, the Silver Agent's fall was shrouded in vague terms, leaving readers to speculate as to what actually happened. Using time travel, he saved the entire city mere minutes after his death, and then returned again to save the world several times afterward, illustrating that he was a hero to the last. More than anyone else in the Astro City mythos, the Silver Agent is the paragon of the heroic ideal that all other heroes strive to achieve.

The Agent's heroic influence is so powerful that it inspires others millennia after his passing. Despite possessing immense power, the Silver Agent goes to his execution by the city without any resistance to avoid possibly altering the future and undoing the valiant efforts of all of the other heroes who will come after him. When one hero praises the Silver Agent by saying they could not have won without him, the Agent assures him they would have found a way.

Not for nothing is the Silver Agent called "the best and the brightest. The Silver Centurions are the greatest heroes of the forty-third century, with beings from over a hundred worlds all inspired by the Agent.

During his stay in the 43rd century, Silver Agent hooked up with the alien woman Merilandra of the Silver Centurions, a group of human and alien warriors who work to preserve galactic peace after being inspired by the stories of the Silver Agent. After a medical exam reveals that he is sterile, Craig gives up his dreams of marrying his longtime sweetheart, allowing her to eventually marry his brother and have the family she's always wanted.

He was executed for murdering a former-villain-cum-diplomat while being mind controlled. The Silver Agent makes no effort to defend himself in his murder trial, and makes no appeal or request for clemency. Implied to be the Silver Agent's ultimate fate in his character special.

In death, he releases the energy he picked up during his time traveling back from the future, creating, or manifesting, or becoming, the artifact that empowered him in the first place, leading him to become a hero, in turn leading him to his death. But all salt-of-the-earth-y and nicer. From adventurers to heroes, the First Family is Astro City's premiere superhero clan, joined together by blood and duty to venture into the unknown and stop trouble whenever it appears.

When Astra goes missing, the entire Family tears apart a number of villainous legions across time and space to find her. The F urst F amily. Rex looks like a giant orange dinosaur monster with rocky scales and that's because that's what he is , but he's a level-headed and reasonable person by all accounts.

Augustus Furst is the brains of the team, but he's not afraid of doing thinking in the middle of battle. Julius gets by with nothing more than brawn and determination. Natalie, the giantess of the team. While Rex enjoys a good beer with Augustus, it's a fine wine that really soothes his soul. Nick, Natalie, and Astra are these, though they manifest their powers in different ways. Natalie internalizes hers to become a Size Shifter , Nick channels his, and Astra can turn herself into an all-energy form.

To the Fantastic Four. Even the initials are the same. Kurt has noted that the team are inspired by the Jack Kirby and Gardner Fox type science heroes of the 50s and 60s in general, showing how such adventurers would naturally develop into an FF style super-team He tried to find another name just so the "FF" connection wouldn't be quite so explicit, but couldn't figure out a better one than "First Family. Julie was a big admirer of Glamorax back in the 70s, even asking them for an autograph when they asked the First Family for help.

Good Smoking, Evil Smoking: Played straight with Julius Furst, a Cigar Chomper of the old school. Subverted with Augustus Furst; word of God is that the pipe he keeps in his mouth is actually a portable energy source, which is simply pipe-shaped for portability and habit. Nick can fire energy from his hands.

Natalie to Rex, and Nick to Darcy. Also, although Augustus was separated from his third wife Nadia, he remained on good terms with her, and did not hesitate to adopt her children Nick and Natalie. I Just Want to Be Normal: Astra has a variation — she enjoys being a world-saving powerful Energy Being , but she wants to be treated as if she were normal, hanging out with her peers from time to time.

It Tastes Like Feet: Astra says her energy breakfast tastes "manganese-flavor" after her mother tells her it is supposed to be grape-flavored.

Rex typically wears nothing but a pair of shorts, though he did get dressed up in ceremonial armor for his wedding. Older Than They Look: Julius and Augustus absorbed some vitalons in the crossworlds that have allowed them to be active decades longer than they normally would, but age is starting to catch up to them. All the male Fursts, but especially Astra's father Rex, who once rampaged through three super-villain armies just to find out which one of them had kidnapped her. None of them did.

Natalie tended to leave most of Astra's childhood education to a computer program, and was often too busy super-heroing to notice her daughter's growing discontent and social isolation. Justified Trope in that Natalie realizes after Astra's running away that she herself had nothing resembling a normal childhood and very much needed to give her daughter a chance to taste one, so made arrangements for her to continue attending a real school and associate with non-super friends.

In her college years, Astra dated a normal young man. The relationship began as a chance for her to feel 'normal' for once When he took to wearing hidden recording devices in hopes of getting racy footage for them, she caught him by detecting the batteries. Karl Furst, son of Nick and Darcy. While the rest of the team charges into battle with their super-powers, Gus will hang back and analyze the enemy's weakness to six decimal places, then whip up some Applied Phlebotinum to finish it off.

Sasha Furst, Nick and Darcy's daughter, can change into various types of animals. Natalie can channel the strange energies inside her body and grow to gigantic size. Social Services Does Not Exist: In the first series, when Astra's a pre-teen, no-one sees anything odd about bringing a little girl to fight supervillains. Possibly justified in that she can fly and is made of pure energy, but still The Family has a lot of odds and ends lying around, but how many are actual trophies is unclear.

The Crimefighting Clown of Astro City, Jack-In-The-Box combines bad jokes and dazzling stunts with entangling confetti streamers, electric clown noses, and his rooftop-vaulting Footapults. Zachary meets three alternate versions of his unborn son; two of them became ruthless vigilantes after his death, and causes him to realize that he might leave his son to grow up without a father just as he had.

Zachary's two bad-future possible sons are perfect examples of this trope — one is a Sabertooth expy, the other is a cyborg killer with a spring-loaded head, and both are absolutely convinced that they are entitled to kill anyone they want because they are the good guys.

Zachary moves heaven and earth to make sure they never come into existence. Jack-In-The-Box has no powers other than his arsenal of gadgets and a quick wit. Technically, Roscoe qualifies as this — Zachary paid him to be Jack-In-The-Box so Roscoe could make his way through college without requiring a handout. Jack Johnson, the first Jack-In-The-Box, as his family didn't know he was a superhero who died in battle. While he borrows from a lot of street-level superheroes, Jack-in-the-Box's wisecracking ways and entangling confetti are shout-outs to Spider-Man.

Including the Creeper, Killjoy, and others. They effectively enable him make extraordinary leaps and extend his arms for grabbing and punching opponents. Jack Johnson invented an incredible amount of strange devices, then found out his bosses were misusing them, so he began using his inventions to fight crime. Zachary Johnson is the CEO and lead inventor at a toy company, and whose weapons are enhanced versions of his various products. He's also smart enough to cobble together a quick-freeze spray from leftover car parts in a junkyard.

Zachary Johnson is married to Tamra Dixon, a local television news anchor. Zachary uses a "doodle bug" to serve as Mission Control to Roscoe. Zachary takes this role after he passes the mantle to Roscoe James. While very few villains enter into the spirit of the thing, Jack-in-the-Box does go for laughs.

Played for drama in "Serpent's Teeth", when an alternate-timeline version of Jack-in-the-Box's son uses Jack's "Of course you realize, this means war" as motivation to become a Knight Templar on criminals And not bad work, if I do say so myself The Crimefighting Clod of Astro City, Crackerjack combines bad jokes and acrobatic skill with an ego the size of the Astrobank Tower and twice the flamboyance.

He is easily Astro City's pre-eminent example of these tropes. He has no powers other than a superhuman ego, but he's still a great hero. Even in Astro City, his original secret identity is pretty obvious on second glance, especially given his access to theatrical makeup. The real reason he gets away with it so long is that nobody'd ever believe the Attention Whore Crackerjack would duck the spotlight in his civilian identity.

Unfortunately for him, it took a week to actually work. Crackerjack looks for something to restore his youthful physique once he starts becoming incapacitated due to his advancing age. Courtesy of the Black Lab who he attempted to swindle a mind transplant into a younger cloned version of his body out of. Instead of giving him what he wanted, the crooks took what they needed from him including a few organs to create a small army of Crackerjack thugs and then tossed his broken, brutalized person into the garbage to die.

After he accidentally reveals his secret identity in public, evidence is recovered suggesting that said secret identity isn't his original one. After Quarrel broke her leg he suggested a type of therapy geared toward athletes that the Honor Guard's doctor hadn't even considered. He repeatedly breaks into places and systems with ease, suggesting some skills at hacking, stealth, or other related fields. I Resemble That Remark! Crackerjack laments that Quarrel is mad at him for flirting with other women even as he flirts with Nightingale.

It's been mentioned that he isn't the first Crackerjack, but the original has never been shown. Subverted; an alien assumes his arrogance and bragging indicate his true character, and even when seeing his heroism wrestles with the idea that he might really be The Hero.

The subversion is that while Crackerjack may not be as good as he thinks he is, he's still genuinely heroic and highly effective. Crackerjack has given many stories about his origins, none of which have been verified or even consistent.

His longtime lover Quarrel has given up trying to figure it out. Any time someone points out the sloppiness of his crime-fighting style, Crackerjack's quick to brush them off. And then there's the moment under I Resemble That Remark! While his superhero persona may be irritating, in his secret identity Crackerjack is friendly to everyone and takes his failures with aplomb. Apparently he keeps his ego and resentment in his tights. Has a real gift for getting past security systems, even managing to sneak into Honor Guard HQ without being detected.

Small Name, Big Ego: Crackerjack is a fantastic physical specimen and often shows himself to be a true hero, but his grandiosity is too much for any amount of skill to back up. It's really hard to keep him out of places he's not supposed to be. The second character with the name and the costume, the heroic Quarrel is the daughter of the original, out to erase her father's villainous past by surpassing him in deed and valor.

She's only with Crackerjack because she doesn't care that he Really Gets Around , and he doesn't care if she forgets his birthday. I've just got me. I've got to put all my effort into it. All my concentration, all my focus. Or "Q" in this case. Clothes Make the Superman: Received a suit of Powered Armor that let her do incredible things, but proved instrumental to her retirement as she felt that it was basically doing her job for her.

When MPH bitterly assumes that her rejection of him means All Girls Want Bad Guys , she retorts that she's herself and not any other woman, and since he's a Nice Guy , he should find a Nice Girl ; she's with Crackerjack because they are both jerks and understand how seriously you have to train to be a superhero without powers.

For a while, Quarrel received financial support from Honor Guard so she could continue to support her family. Jess and her brothers grew up in the hills near a small town.

The heroic Quarrel is the successor to her father, a small-time crook with the same name and outfit. Thanks to her dad's constant arrests and her mom's drunkenness, she had to raise her three brothers. They all turned out very well. Her father, the previous Quarrel, was a villain. Steeljack tells her that he would be proud to see her as a hero , and a later story bears this out. Jessica grew up with a burly dad and three brothers, and quickly learned to shoot and wrassle with the best of them.

Part of Quarrel's arsenal. Cleopatra commands it — and she will not be defied this day! A magical heroine whose primary weapon is a mystical staff. She guards the innocent and gives no quarter to wrongdoers. She was a founding member of Honor Guard and continues to serve with them. The first Cleopatra was a blonde Caucasian; the second one is Sarah Brandeis, who has dark skin and tight black curls.

Throwing the Gem around Sarah's neck was the best way to keep it from Hellsignor. In a rare moment of guilt, the Point Man does apologize for it, saying she should have had some choice in the matter. Cleopatra can create energy pyramids to trap opponents. Sarah Brandeis was a lab technician when she was kidnapped by the sinister Hellsignor during his attack on Earth. To foil his plans, the Point Man stole the Gem of Thebis from him, then tossed it around Sarah's neck.

She instantly turned into the new Cleopatra and banished Hellsignor to another dimension. There have been two women so far who have taken up the mantle of Cleopatra.

Her primary weapon is the Sun-Staff of Ra. It can create floating platforms, cage enemies, and fire energy blasts. Cleopatra has a preference for magic over technology. Cleopatra's eyes are entirely white. Played with; the second Cleopatra spoke more formally and used the Royal "We" during The '90s , but later adapted to more conventional speech patterns.

Cleopatra II has super strength, although her predecessor did not. To his wife Sally. He serves breakfast in bed to his girlfriends just because. Played with; it's suggested that his codename "M. My breasts and buttocks are rigid. And I have no genitalia. An adult-sized robot replica of a popular children's toy, Beautie appeared in Astro City one day to rescue a kidnapped heiress. She soon joined up with Honor Guard and became a full-time hero, which helps distract her from questions about her origins and her purpose.

She wears a number of wigs, preferring a pink one when operating as a hero. Literally, considering she's a robot based on a Brand X Barbie doll. Can't Have Sex, Ever: The above quote is a response to being hit on— apparently a rote response by this point. She's the corporate symbol for Tip-Top Toys. Being to all appearances a statuesque woman with perfect features, very much so.

Beautie has an apartment above a gay bar and is friends to the local gay community because they understand what it's like to feel separate from the norm if in a different way.

It also helps that they don't try to proposition her. As a living Barb-er, Beautie doll she was programmed with the desire to be one of these and owns many outfits. Beautie has super-strength, enhanced hearing, flight, and a ferro-styrene skin that's resistant to a lot of damage. Even when her voice is clearly conveying emotion. Anything about her origin. In fact, when she finds out something, she often forgets it moments later.

Has some difficulty with the nuances of speech. For example, upon hearing that Hummingbird II was looking for a guy who wasn't just interested in sex, Beautie mentions that she knows several men who aren't interested in sex with women at all—not exactly what Hummingbird was looking for.

Beautie feels hollow because she does not know where she comes from. When she's not scrupulously polite and kind-hearted, it's a sign that something's very wrong. One of her powers. While never expressly stated, it's clear Beautie desperately wishes she were human.

The amnesia keeps coming back. Beautie can pass for human at first glance, but soon reveals her artificial nature by her mannerisms. It's implied she'd like a relationship, but she finds the men who aren't troubled by her lack of genitalia worse than the ones who are. Beautie speaks in a rigid and stilted manner. Puns aside, she's about six feet tall and gets lots of male and sometimes female attention.

Can apparently "turn up her audio protocols", giving herself enhanced hearing. He is immediately recognizable by the burlap bag and frayed rope that wraps around his head. He is immensely powerful leaning toward the Reality Warper end of the power spectrum and while he is often passive, nothing seems to actively prevent him from intervening when necessary.

I Have Many Names: The Dancing Master refers to him by quite a few, making clear that "The Hanged Man" is but the most recent one. Aside from his burlap hood and rope, the Hanged Man's body is a featureless silhouette of a man.

New Powers as the Plot Demands: The Hanged Man's shown telepathy , size control, and time travel abilities over his appearances, without any clear limit to his abilities. Painting the Fourth Wall: The Hanged Man never actually speaks ; you simply understand what he's communicating to you. When he "talks", it's depicted as rough-edged yellow-brown narration boxes with shadows, with a different font to everybody else, evoking the impression of old parchment although the font's changed between appearances.

Aware of the changes to the timeline caused by a Time Crash Crisis Crossover , perhaps because he was one of those who repaired the crash. As a spectre, the Hanged Man's height varies from human-sized to hundreds of feet tall.

Take Our Word for It: A lot of the Hanged Man's work takes place behind the scenes, handling threats of the Eldritch Abomination type. There was a brief glimpse of this to resolve one of the sub-plots of 'Confession,' and the implication is that he guards Shadow Hill because it's a kind of There's something of this going on; should the Hanged Man lose his current body, then he'll find someone who'll volunteer to be his new host.

The one time it's happened on screen, he found someone being hanged who wanted to redeem himself. No-one wants to find out what happens if they're not willing. You Shall Not Pass! The aliens do not engage. You don't want to scare these nice people! Ever since he first appeared in The '40s , the Gentleman has been a mainstay of Astro City, despite apparently not aging a day. Immaculately dressed in his tuxedo and unfailingly polite, the Gentleman's charming personality, impeccable manners, and wholesome sensibilities make him the quintessential Nice Guy.

Thanks to his secret origin. To the original Captain Marvel. He's super strong and can fly. Good Is Not Dumb: The Gentleman was smart enough to avoid capture by alien infiltrators who had rounded up nearly all of the other heroes. His secret origin explains how.

To Tillie, his daughter. The Gentleman is Astro City's Trope Codifier ; no matter how dire the situation, he will always be completely and unflappably polite. For example, after rescuing a news helicopter that endangered itself during a battle against a storm elemental, he simply smiled to the crew and politely suggested that they might want to get to safety and not endanger any of the bystanders on the streets below.

The Gentleman has never been seen wearing anything other than his impressively elegant tuxedo, complete with sash and buttonhole rose. He partnered with Loony Leo for a while, and in the s worked with a teen sidekick named The Young Gentleman. They alert Brian to the pickpocket who took his wallet on his arrival. When not fighting crime, they're usually street preachers. Daniel is half-human, half-lion. Daniel may be one of these as he protests a firm reminder from Noah not to kill.

They arrive in time to save Altar Boy if not the Confessor from the aliens. Peter's power is to manipulate and control rock and soil as if it were dough. Make Me Wanna Shout: Joshua can unleash sonic screams for various uses. The Crossbreed all wear red robes with white surplices.

Their codenames are Biblical allusions to their powers: He is a bearded man with power over rain and lightning. A woman who flies with large feathery wings. A grey-skinned man with the power to manipulate rock. A blonde man who can create a destructive sonic scream. A man who can immediately grow to giant size.

Daniel's main "power" are his claws and teeth. He never kills, however, at Noah's insistence. Noah looks to be in his sixties at least. David can grow to gigantic size.

Noah has been seen summoning rain and lightning; it is unclear if he has control over any other types of weather. We Were Your Team: They break up after Noah dies.

Mary is an adult woman with large feathery wings. For public approval, for fame? Do we help people because they will be appropriately grateful — or merely because they need help?

First appearing on the scene in The '50s , The Confessor is Astro City's dark guardian, a merciless protector who fights those seeking to prey on the weak and helpless. But what shameful secret does he hide beneath his robes? The Confessor is purposefully torturing himself by using a cross as his costume theme, as a form of mortification in penance for his killings and his self-loathing as a vampire. Bad Powers, Good People: He's a vampire but also a devout man and a genuine hero.

When asked if he's ever killed anyone, his response is "Don't Confessor II uses technological equipment to replicate some of the original's abilities.

Unlike most examples, he's not part of a larger team and seldom associates with other heroes at all. Dark Is Not Evil: Though he operates at night and is a Terror Hero , he's not a bad guy. After Brian uncovers his secret, he drops all subtlety and goes directly after The Deacon, apparently feeling he has nothing left to lose and perhaps planning to get himself killed. Fortunately Brian talks him down.

Well before the 'Confession' arc, we get a glimpse at the secret files being built up about Earth's superhumans in preparation for the invasion. There are pretty comprehensive write-ups on other heroes, but for the Confessor: He's actually a vampire Hidden in Plain Sight: The Confessor is famous enough that newspapers actively try to photograph him after his every appearance, but he's not easily found.

This also applies to his powers as a vampire, which account for how difficult it is to find him — he doesn't show up in mirrors, like cameras. The Confessor is succeeded by Brian Kinney at the end of the "Confession" arc. After his death , Altar Boy takes over as the next Confessor, and doesn't bother to inform anyone that he's not the same guy, because it makes it easier to take advantage of their fear.

Really Years Old: Jeremiah Parrish arrived in North America in The Confessor originally existed as little more than a legend because no video footage or photos of him had ever been taken.

This is because he's a vampire. Subverted in that while the Confessor is actually a priest, he's heroic to the innocent. Then subverted again when he is outed as a vampire. You turn around and there he is. The Broken Man mentions he used the Confessor for his own ends a few times. After his parents died and left him an orphan, Brian Kinney left his small town to make a successful name for himself in Astro City's super-hero community. He soon joins the Confessor as his sidekick Altar Boy, and learns the true power of faith and sacrifice.

He was a fan of superheroes and now he is one. Brian doesn't care for "Altar Boy," but doesn't get a vote in the matter. He originally had no powers. Brian contemplates a superhero in action while thinking how they get respect. The hero in question is Crackerjack, who gets less respect than his heroism and skills merit, because his Glory Hound ways mar them.

Dude, Where's My Respect? Altar Boy's motive for superheroing is to get respect. After becoming Confessor, he augments his abilities with magic. Of Robin, particularly of Dick Grayson popularity with women and detective skills.

He wants the fame and glory, though he's willing to earn it. When he takes up the mantle of the Confessor at the end of the "Confession" story arc. Loser Son of Loser Dad: Brian wants to be a superhero to avoid this trope. As far as the bad guys know, he's still a vampire but is now immune to crosses, garlic, etc.

Welcome to the Big City: Brian gets one soon after arriving in Astro City. I tried not to repeat myself, tried to top my last save — and I had the energy and brains and speed and ingenuity to do it. The high-flying hero of Arizona, Supersonic was a sterling sight in The '60s and Seventies, battling America's enemies with style and aplomb. He eventually retired to a life of quiet tranquility, but gets pulled into action one more time Are These Wires Important?

Ultimately used by Supersonic to stop the fight against Ominuss' robot. Back from the Dead: After a battle with Lady Lethal, Supersonic suffered massive blood loss and extensive organ damage and was declared legally dead, yet managed to recover while on the autopsy table. His recovery was later cited by a defense attorney in a murder trial.

Dale spends his retirement tending to his rose garden. His Super Dickery and clever, if sometimes silly, tactics see The Strategist , below were both favorite tropes during the era. After retiring, Dale moved to Astro City and tended to his garden, but was badgered out of retirement to battle a rampaging robot at a time when the city's other superheroes were unavailable.

In his heyday, Supersonic pledged to always use a new and original method to defeat each of his opponents, and is proud of never having to repeat a tactic twice. He is shamed when his impending senility has reduced him to simply battering a rampaging robot into submission. Our Norwegian correspondent The Observer sends his translation of an article and interview with two respectable high-profile Muslim leaders in Oslo, who have strongly negative opinions about Jews and the worldwide Jewish conspiracy.

A new trend seems to have developed in the Islamic community in Norway: It should also be pointed out that this is the same mosque that the Norwegian police apologized so profusely to last year for the fact that we have freedom of speech in Norway. The translated article from Dagsavisen:. Many Norwegians have a negative view on Islam due to Jewish domination of the media. We are visiting Central Jamaat-e Ahl-e Sunnat, the mosque with the largest member base in Norway, to talk to its spiritual leader.

The mosque was founded in and currently has more than 5, members. The Imam begins by explaining that all three heavenly religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, are sacred to them. Many people are unaware of this fact, says Sarwar. Both of them believe that the school visits confirms their views that Norwegians in general have an inaccurate impression of Islam and Muslims. People are ignorant because they get their information from the media, and the media only write negatively about Islam.

Only a handful of people were behind the movie about Mohammed in the U. So who was financing them, who was backing them? A big tip of the Bodissey pickelhaube to our commenter Jolie Rouge, who has provided us with a brand new acronym.

Note the aggressor is not named other than by geographical location e. North Africa, Afghanistan and surprisingly the inclusion of Turkey. I think JIM could have great utility for our enterprise: Who will be the first major Western politician not counting Geert Wilders to break the greatest cultural taboo of our time, and mess around with JIM? Yesterday a group of Al Qaeda terrorists assaulted a natural gas plant in Algeria and killed two foreigners while taking 41 other hostage.

Today Algerian special forces staged a helicopter raid on the plant, killing a number of the hostages — between six and 34, depending on whose figures you believe — in the process of taking out the terrorists. Among the foreign hostages were American, British, French, and Japanese nationals.

In other news, Germany has begun repatriating its foreign gold reserves, which are stored in vaults in Paris, London, and the United States. The following article tells a brief tale about immigrant-on-immigrant violence in Cologne, with Muslims of immigrant background dealing it out and Russian immigrants as victims. It shows the attempts by a Turk to protect a Russian family and being killed for his trouble. The translated article from Quotenqueen:.

Two criminal foreigners, free to terrorize their neighbors despite drug-related and violent crimes, killed a Turkish husband and father who tried to get them to behave. It happened in a sector of the city called Bickendorf — a district notorious for years for immigrant violence and bordering on the thoroughly Islamized Ehrenfeld.

But no one was killed. The Spanish government recently revoked his status as a political refugee in Spain, and he is due to be deported to Pakistan, where he will face the death penalty for blasphemy. There is currently a push to persuade the Canadian government to grant him and his family political asylum. Firasat was interviewed recently on Alerta Digital TV. The video below shows the third part of the interview, and includes segments in English of a statement by Terry Jones.

Part 1 , Part 2. Many thanks to our Spanish correspondent Hermes for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes for the subtitling:. That means I am watching big, fat flakes accumulating on everything — though the driveway is still clear. Prior to that, we awoke this morning to heavy rains. It is our good fortune that there was never any period of transitional ice.

Why am I talking about the weather, you ask? Because this heavy wet snow may well eventuate in a power outage. Should that happen we would have no way to tell you why when, once again, no one seems to be home. And thanks to the generosity of our donors several years ago, we installed a gas cook stove so we can cook and have — thank heavens, again — hot coffee during the outage. Yes, we are careful regarding the possibility of carbon monoxide poisoning if we were to use the stove for heat.

Yesterday we reported on a group of young Muslim men who accost pedestrians in certain parts of east London. The original post included an embedded video taken by the group and posted on their YouTube account.

As you all know by now, our blog was suddenly removed last night between 8 and 9pm EST for no apparent reason. Blogger never provided any explanation before, during, or after the outage. I assume it was an internal technical problem at Google. Below is a portion of a mass email I sent out earlier today to dozens of people who had written to us to ask what happened:.

One second it was there; the next it was gone. In Japan they long ago escaped gardens to make themselves at home in the wild, as described at botanyboy. Their odor is intense, but not unpleasant, and much more floral scented than the musty smell of N.

It is thought that it came from China centuries ago. In Japan it is found on roadsides, on rice paddy embankments, along rivers, and in vacant lots in both agricultural and urban environments.

The commonly grown N. See the seven we offer here , and order a few now! Once the most numerous bird species in America, passenger pigeons had numbered in the billions and played a critical role in ecosystems across the country.

But with very few laws protecting them, relentless hunting and habitat destruction led to their mass extinction. Organizations across the country are marking this poignant centennial with special exhibits, events, and publications. These oaks were originally part of a Midwestern ecosystem known as oak openings — essentially prairie or savanna under trees — which is now as endangered as the pigeons once were.

To learn more about these remarkable birds and centennial events in your state, go to passengerpigeon. The daffodils gracing our new cover first appeared on the Sutton and Sons bulb catalog of They emailed us a scan of the original, and Mike and I went to work on it in Photoshop.

You can read what we did and see the transformation here. We hope you enjoy it. The new Historic Ann Arbor: Their adaptive reuse of the barn as a business space received an award from the Historic District Commission in For your own copy, visit nicolasbooks. In this newspaper column later collected in Through the Garden Gate , she weaves together her own observations with those of fellow daffodil-lovers from almost a century before:.

Hartland, an Irish nurseryman, said white trumpets were a specialty at Temple Hill, his place near Cork, and he listed nine varieties. Best when grown in shade and grass. The trumpet is distinctly yellow though very pale, at first, and the segments are fawn color. The second day it lifts its bowed head to a horizontal position, and both trumpet and perianth become silver white. It has a delicate fragrance. Miss Curry — some years dead — used to hunt them up from old Irish gardens, and a small club of three or four of us used to share them.

I made some attempt to discover their history, and came to the conclusion that Irish religious houses must have had some connection with Spain and Portugal — the focus of the white species. Although I miss the charming look of the old site by Mike Unser, a major hero of historic iris , the revised site offers a lot more information.

The photos are crucial to help identify some of these older gems, and to preserve the knowledge base for generations to come. In , the eminent London author John Evelyn wrote a long list of Directions for the Gardiner at Says-Court , and despite modern chemicals and technology his simple advice for controlling weeds is still essential:.

The late Carl Amason, founder of the Arkansas Daffodil Society and a great mentor for me when I first got interested in old daffodils 30 years ago, offered an intriguing answer in the March edition of The Daffodil Journal. Carl lived on the old family homestead in southern Arkansas, and four very old daffodils flourished there: Native to Spain and Portugal, N.

In her fine A Passion for Daylilies , Sydney Eddison tells of its breeder, a man who saw the possibilities for beauty in a form that everyone else at that time was scorning. Bechtold on his Colorado property nine miles south of Denver. He had chosen this location for its beautiful setting with a view of the Rockies and for the stream which would provide water for his numerous horticultural enthusiasms and experiments.

As a boy, young LeMoine may have found the name a burden, but it proved suitable after all. He grew up to love plants and soon became involved in hybridizing. His earliest love affair was with dahlias. Later, he embraced gladioli, peonies, irises, and even lilacs, and then he discovered daylilies. In fact, he found so much pleasure in this new hobby that it often took precedence over his music business, and for this, fanciers of the spider daylily can be grateful.

But who was Mrs. Wikipedia offers a short biography along with a charming portrait of her dressed all in white, like her namesake iris. Philadelphia-born Martha du Puy — who was always known as Maud — met her husband while visiting relatives in England. George was the son of the great Charles Darwin and a noted astronomer at Cambridge where the young couple became lifelong friends with Foster. I learned a lot more in the entertaining Period Piece: Gardening in the area started some 10, years ago when the Nacogdoches tribe cultivated beans, sunflowers, and tobacco there, laying the foundation for the most advanced Native American culture in Texas.

With the curiosity of a scientist and the writing skills of a master story-teller, Amy Stewart is one of my favorite authors. They were not the first — Greek and Roman writings mention it — but their perfumes, cordials, and powders contained liberal doses of this rare and precious substance.

Perfumers and distillers would also not have understood why the rhizomes had to dry for two to three years before they become effective as a fixative. We now know that it takes that long for a slow oxidation process to occur,. Most of the orris is either I. Florentina , grown in Morocco, China, and India. Then alcohol is used to extract an absolute, which is. Its popularity in perfume is due to the fact that it not only holds the fragrance in place but clings to the skin as well.

It also happens to be a very common allergen, which explains why allergy sufferers might be sensitive to cosmetics and other fragrances — as well as gin. Our friend Denise Adams has given garden lovers the perfect companion for her landmark Restoring American Gardens: An Encyclopedia of Heirloom Ornamental Plants. Although the focus of her earlier book was plants thank you very much , in her new book, American Home Landscapes: A Design Guide to Creating Period Styles, Denise and her co-author Laura Burchfield present a lavishly illustrated history of how the design and constructed features of our yards — fencing, paving, furniture, etc.

Maybe best of all, though, are the many illustrations and plans drawn from a wealth of historic sources. Born in , Potter was a shy girl with a love of nature who grew up to chart her own path, self-publishing her first book, The Tale of Peter Rabbit, becoming a celebrated author and preservationist, marrying at 47, and gardening with enthusiasm.

Although the hero of her best-loved book is a rabbit — and the bad guy was the gardener — clearly Potter was one of us. The historic Nichols Arboretum Peony Garden at the University of Michigan received a huge boost recently when the last surviving grandchild of the original donor gave a half-million dollars to help fund its ongoing restoration.

The Peony Garden was established in the s when W. Upjohn, founder of the Upjohn pharmaceutical company, gave the university hundreds of peonies from his private collection. The past is always present, as an email from our good customer Susan Wineberg reminded us recently. Although I knew foolscap was some kind of old paper, I had to look it up online to learn that it refers to a size, 8.

The letter was written by nurseryman Samuel B. Noble who in was selling plants — including many of the same bulbs we sell today — just a few blocks down the street from us here in Ann Arbor.

My supply of hardy shrubbery and ornamental trees is also small, as well as bulbous roots. In my research I found a book written by Ms. Shaw, The Library of Work and Play: Gardening and Farming , in which she recommends planting these two specific bulbs, so I thought it would be a good way to commemorate this special occasion. I was elated to find them both at Old House Gardens.

Time-tested daffodils were among the biggest award-winners at daffodil shows across the country this past spring. Although ADS awards are based on the perfection of individual flowers, not overall garden-worthiness, and the most commonly grown varieties tend to win the most awards, you might like to add some of these award-winners to your garden this fall. This past spring, 99 different cultivars won awards in the Historic section, and six were among the top 21 award-winners:.

In , the ADS added a section for Classic, daffodils, and this past spring different cultivars won awards in it, including six of the top A friend sent us a notecard recently with a striking image of tulips, Roman hyacinths, and crown imperial, all worked out in semi-precious stones. Dating to the second half of the s, the artwork is an example of pietra dura, an expensive, mosaic-like inlay made with thin slabs of stones such as jasper, malachite, and lapis lazuli.

It is natural for gardeners to believe in immortality, for in the midst of flower death they see life patiently brooding. Good gardeners also are always young in spirit, for their minds are fixed on spring when others feel only the bitter sting of winter. We have little faith in a calendar prophesy but we believe the report of the gladsome crocus and the pale, wan snowdrop. It seems to garden lovers that there is magic power in the breath of the first bulbs that drives away icy winter — something like the power in the cross that deprives the Prince of Evil of his strength.

The flight of the blue bird across a garden is a wonderful thing; so also is the rush of blue scillas along the garden path. Swallows come not more swiftly than the crocus, and the star of Bethlehem leads the way to new hope. The pure white fritillaria is like a sweet memory of snow, while the beautiful muscari dots the grass, a forerunner of summer skies.

Starting in the s, Chicago businessman Jack Ellsworth and his wife Elsie built a monumental terraced garden next to their summer home on the shores of Lake Kabetogama, deep in the wilderness of what is now Voyageurs National Park in northern Minnesota. At its peak in the early s the garden included 62 rock-edged beds planted with thousands of lilies and other flowers and ornamented by rock sculptures.

When the Ellsworths left Lake Kabetogama in , the forest soon began reclaiming their garden. Photos from the s , though, showed the garden ablaze with thousands of tiger lilies, and after we confirmed the identity of these incredibly tough lilies, the Park Service ordered more to replant in the garden a couple of years ago. Stout [the pioneering daylily hybridizer], selected and named this daylily after her husband, Theron Strong.

I look forward to a garden of Therons! Intrigued, we turned to Google and discovered an obituary for the remarkable Mrs. One paragraph explained that the daylily was actually named for her son rather than her husband: Stout, at his invitation.

Check out our photos here — or order it now for delivery in April and enjoy it in your own garden next summer. Our house and office, for example, are in the Old West Side Historic District, and thousands of houses across the US are also in historic districts — not historical districts. People collect antiques, we have antique shops, etc. Oldies and Old-Timers — The dahlia and gladiolus societies sometimes use these terms, but as much as I like their informal, approachable tone, I think they discount the importance of older varieties.

Heritage — This is often used in England and Canada to describe historic resources such as buildings, etc. It has the sense of something being handed down but with more of a community or national significance rather than just personal or family importance.

This to me is the best word to describe what our bulbs are. Many fancy restaurants, for example, serve heirloom tomatoes, heirloom beets, and so on. Of course there are many other words — old, old-fashioned, classic, retro, old-school, etc. Readers, I welcome your comments! We work hard to make sure our bulbs are right and our facts are straight.

John Horsefield was a Lancashire handloom weaver, not a Scottish shoemaker. No doubt gardeners have always gathered together informally to talk, learn from one another, and share the joys and pains of gardening, but the early 20th century saw the rise of garden clubs as we know them today. Eventually local clubs banded together to promote gardening, conservation, and civic improvement, and this year marks the th anniversary of the founding of the Garden Club of America.

In celebration, the Club commissioned historian William Seale to document their long history of activism and good works in The Garden Club of America: One Hundred Years of a Growing Legacy.

So, to all 18, current GCA members in clubs across the country, congratulations and thank you! Best known today for his diary chronicling life in London from to , John Evelyn was a wide-ranging author who published books on everything from politics and theology to vegetarianism and gardening.

Now take out your Indian Tuberoses, parting the off-sets but with care, lest you break their fangs , then pot them in natural not forced earth with a layer of rich mould [compost] beneath. Then plunge your pots in a hot-bed temperately warm, and give them no water till they spring, and then set them under a south wall. In dry weather water them freely, and expect an incomparable flower in August. Your Tuberoses will not endure the wet of this season, therefore set the pots into your conserve, and keep them very dry.

It is best to take them out of the pots, about the beginning of this month, and either to preserve them in dry sand, or to wrap them up in papers, and so put them in a box near the chimney. Deciding to abandon any of our heirlooms is always a painful process. Of course you can help save these treasures, too. All you have to do is order one now for April delivery — and grow it. Fairy is perhaps the most fragrant of all, and Caprice and Madame Pacquitte have an especially delicious fragrance.

For six more, see the Fragrance column in our Heirloom Iris Chart. Then do your nose a favor and order now for April delivery! The award-winning TV series tells the story of the intertwined lives of the aristocratic Crawley family and the servants who work for them.

Although its name is a mouthful, and it came so close to extinction that only one gardener was still growing it, this dahlia was once hugely popular. As the Scheepers catalog reported breathlessly:. Extremely strong grower, very free bloomer, splendid for exhibition and for the garden, it is of the greatest merit. Can you guess its name? See it here — and then maybe order it now for spring planting!

The earliest American garden catalogs were simple broadsheets, single-page flyers of plant names and little else. Although some were mailed, most were posted locally as flyers still are today.

The oldest survivor seems to be a broadsheet from the famous Prince nursery of Long Island which mostly lists scores of fruit trees.

As population moved west, many farmers and gardeners were separated from sources of seeds and of information, and catalogs provided both. At the same time, an expanding middle class moved to that other new invention, the suburbs, and took up gardening. The rising business in [ornamental seeds and plants]. In , seeds and cuttings in packages under eight ounces were, for the first time, accepted by the U.

Two years later, more sweeping changes effectively created the mail-order business in plants. First class was for letters, second class for newspapers and magazines, and third class, the cheapest rate, for other printed material, including catalogs. The new uniform postal rates now applied regardless of distance. What was even more important was that the new regulations specifically allowed packages containing up to four pounds of seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, and scions to be shipped as third-class mail.

Thirty years before other catalog retailers were able to send goods long distances at low prices, the postal service had helped the seed sellers and nurseries market to the nation. The grape-scented, lavender-blue iris known as I. Peeled by hand and dried for two to five years, they develop a violet-like scent and fixative properties that preserve the chemical structure of other fragrances, prolonging their aroma.

Ground and distilled, a ton of dried rhizomes — known as orris root — yields 4. But there are many other reasons to grow this great old iris. A wild species found originally in Dalmatia [roughly the former Yugoslavia], Iris pallida appears somewhere in the family tree of most modern cultivars but it has none of their faults.

I prefer this lovely, deliciously scented hand-me-down to all other tall bearded irises. The same thing happens with new plants. It offered a reliable profusion of white flowers in spring, flaming fall color, relatively modest stature, fast growth, and tolerance of poor growing conditions, not to mention ease of nursery production.

It took a decade or so for horticulturists and arborists to discover that the beautiful spring-flowering tree generally starts self-destructing at about 10 to 20 years old. The narrow angle at which branches join the main trunk makes major branches particularly prone to breaking and splitting, especially when exposed to high winds or ice storms.

Over time, and with the help of liberal distribution by birds, invasive seedlings sprouted in natural areas and along highways throughout the Northeast and Midwest. Now bits of wood from historic trees have helped scientists take a new look at years of human history. According to an article at ScienceMag. With tree rings taken from living trees as a baseline, dendrochronologists work their way back in time, comparing overlapping samples to edge ever further into the past.

The researchers worked out climate information the same way. First, they compared weather records collected over the past years with samples from living trees to see how temperature and moisture affected tree-ring growth.

Then [they] looked at timbers from historic buildings, wood preserved in rivers or bogs, and samples from archaeological sites to push the record further back.

At times of social stability and prosperity. Our true, fall-planted Byzantine glads are graceful, brilliant, and winter hardy to zone 6 — but did you ever try baking bread with them? Corn flag, which is called by some xiphos, sword, has a sword-like leaf whence its name. A year ago we found out that his prostate cancer is incurable and he may only have another year or two left.

He also remembers being taught by Mr. Boschman [the teacher and tulip collector who founded the Hortus]. My parents are both from Limmen [where the Hortus is located], and my mother told me about being paid twenty-five cents per bed for de-heading tulips after school. Blokker [the bulb grower who provided the land where Boschman and de Mol combined their collections into what became the Hortus Bulborum].

Just this afternoon, for the first time ever, we added to our web-only offerings an incredible treasure: They have such a nice warm glow. Read the full article here — and congratulate yourself for being ahead of the curve! We learn a lot from our customers. It turns out the tiny Lizard peninsula — whose name comes from the Cornish word lezou or headland — is the southernmost point on the British mainland, jutting out into the sea off the coast of Cornwall.

Learn more at lizard-peninsula. Thanks to the Gulf Stream, greater Cornwall is the warmest, sunniest part of England and this, along with its well-drained soils, has made it a major bulb-producing region for over a century.

We stumbled upon this unusual investment tip in the Manual on the Iris by Nebraska nurseryman and minister Charles S. Raise a plenty of it and be rich. No investment can pay better.

You build a new house at great expense and it begins to deteriorate from the moment you enter it. In a short time your beautiful furniture becomes second hand. Beautify your grounds and double the value of your land. It makes a great difference whether your yard is a landscape of beauty or a pasture for pigs or a hospital for disabled machinery. Daylily buds, known as gum jum or golden needles, are used fresh or dried in many classic dishes, including hot and sour soup and moo shu pork.

Grows wild in the corn [i. It was only fitting. Eighty-four years ago in From a New Garden , Louisa Yeomans King, author of nine garden books and founder of the Garden Club of America, recommended quite a few bulbs that we still offer today — and the best time to order them:.

This is gradually changing, though, as the best sites work to make their gardens more authentic and engaging. This spring, for example, Anna De Cordova ordered a dozen of our heirloom dahlias, explaining:. A catbird is following me around Val-Kill supervising my every move.

Thomas Jefferson was an avid gardener and his restored gardens at Monticello are a national treasure. Although the Center no longer publishes its annual journal, Twinleaf , dozens of its fascinating articles are free for the reading at the Monticello website.

Congratulations, Peter, and thank you! Mundane as it seems, manure was of the greatest concern to all four of them, for one of the reasons why yields in the United States of America were declining so drastically was the lack of manuring.

Teasing apart the straw and dung, the American minister to the court at St. In spring , in the midst of the Jay Treaty controversy, he had managed to find time to calculate precisely how many wagonloads of manure were needed to produce a healthy harvest of potatoes and dispatched instructions to Montpelier to cover the fields with dung.

While other farmers let their cattle and hogs drop the nutritious dung far away from the plantations, Washington was the first American to build a stercorary — a covered dung depository where manure could be stored, aged, and mixed. The multi-faceted event runs from May 19 through October 21 and will include paintings, photographs, films, concerts, lectures, poetry readings, a special app, and spectacular plantings. Naturally I am turning to you to see if you could help supply us with the dahlias from your extensive and wonderful list of plant material.

Well, not specifically, but the importance of preserving cultivated plants has been officially recognized at the international level for the first time. Though preservation is our mission, every year bulbs drop out of our catalog for a variety of reasons. Now you can find photos and information about many of these bulbs — including over a dozen dahlias, glads, and hyacinths, 38 daffodils, and 41 tulips — at our Back Soon or Lost Forever pages.

According to Renoir Landscapes: There he would store the canvas overnight, enlisting the aid of friends to carry it the short distance to the Moulin to begin work each day. His friend Georges Riviere described how he and Renoir. Secluded and tranquil but within hailing distance of central Paris, the garden in the rue Cortot was. Starting in , Anne and her husband Edward transformed their narrow backyard into a highly personal garden with an aqua-blue pergola, a small pool filled by a cast-iron African head spouting water a gift from W.

DuBois , and beds overflowing with roses, iris, larkspur, poppies, and other flowers. The names could be changed and it could be anywhere. Indeed, that is sort of the point. I hope the book will be helpful to anyone, anywhere, who might be planning a garden restoration. These are the steps we took that might be helpful to them. For that, all I can say is bravo, and thanks! To buy a copy of Lessons Learned , visit the newly-upgraded website of the Anne Spencer House and Garden Museum which is full of excellent photos and information.

When I first started collecting heirloom plants in the s, I was elated to discover a small, family-owned nursery in Iowa with an enormous list of peonies.

Founded in , Sherman Nursery was especially rich in peonies from the nineteenth century, many of which were no longer available anywhere else. See them all here and here. When I heard the news I was worried about their peonies, because wholesalers typically make their money by selling large volumes of relatively few varieties, but I was busy and.

With your support, there will be more good news. All four were farmers who believed that citizens who worked their own land were the foundation of democracy. All four had a deep love of the American wilderness, and they found comfort and inspiration in cultivating their own home grounds. There they saw native plants from all of the colonies growing happily together, with trees from big Southern states like Virginia sheltering woodland shrubs from small Northern states like Connecticut.

Returning to the Convention with a fresh perspective and renewed commitment, they brokered a compromise that established the Senate and House as we know them today, with representation that protects both large states and small. Eudora Welty is one of the most revered American writers of the 20th century, and her home in Jackson, Mississippi is now a historical museum visited by pilgrims from all over the world. But when Welty first gave the property to the state in the s, the garden which she had helped her mother plant and tend since the s, and which offered her comfort and literary inspiration for decades, had all but disappeared from neglect.

We doubled our iris offerings for the coming year, thanks in part to the generosity of some of our Old West Side neighbors who shared their heirloom iris with us. Many of them passed along stories with their rhizomes, too. For example, a few years ago my wife Jane and I were walking along the wooded, hillside path that circles a small lake in the Brighton State Recreation Area.

At one point the hillside was so steep that the ground to our left was almost at eye level, and there in the crowded, densely shaded undergrowth I was shocked to see a few scrawny bearded iris. They must have been survivors from a long-forgotten home that once stood where now wilderness ruled. I was so impressed that I collected one small rhizome and brought it home to a sunny spot in my own garden. Great garden plants come from all sorts of people, including this Louisiana housewife who John Peat and Ted Petit profile in The Daily: A Guide for Gardeners Daylilies shared space in the vegetable garden of this housekeeper She had the strong, silent, self-assured appearance of an early pioneer woman in her cloth bonnet She had a magnificent eye for quality and beauty as well as a great intuitive breeding sense.

Her standards were the highest. She always carried a large kitchen knife as she walked in the garden, and if a new seedling displeased her, out it would go, cut below the crown, never more to plague her with its short-comings. Through the Seasons at Giverny He grew and painted them in all his gardens. Together with the earlier-flowering gladiolus which Monet also grew and painted, dahlias are the autumn staples of every French jardin rustique.

If they grow nothing else, French country-dwellers often have a token clump of dahlias, however straggly, somewhere in the front yard or by the roadside. Dahlias were prized and coveted by Monet, Caillebotte, and Mirbeau, and this trio regularly and readily exchanged varieties and sought particular cultivars most assiduously.

Our friends Bill Welch and Greg Grant have been growing and championing heirloom plants for decades. Chapters on the garden influences of various ethnic groups — Native Americans, Africans, Germans, etc. Some entries — such as the one for snowflakes — are pretty much identical to what originally appeared in The Southern Heirloom Garden , but others — such as the five pages on lilies — are completely new. No matter how you do the math, this extraordinary book belongs on your bookshelf.

It has a lovely lemony scent. I collected a few pieces years ago and now have a big patch of it in my front garden. From roses to daffodils to asparagus, some garden plants are so tough that they can persist in the wild without care for many, many years. A letter from Collinson reads: My friend [colonial botanist John Bartram] from Last place writt Mee he had last yeare flowers on one single Flower Stalk which is very Extriordinary, but I have heard the Like from Carolina where they Stand in the Ground and Increase amazeingly.

One of our visitors from Mexico told me, so one night when I had to stay late I walked back to the garden about 7: But one of the great pleasures of heirlooms is their stories, and at first we knew nothing about this old dahlia except its date of introduction, Though it looked like just a coffee-table picture book, it only cost a few bucks at a local used-book shop, so I took it home — and not only enjoyed it but learned a lot from it.

Through the text, Monet emerges as a gardener much like the rest of us — digging plants to share with friends, worrying about mixing up the labels on his dahlias, inspired by accidental combinations in the garden, and always looking ahead. The book is richly illustrated with period photographs, color plans, and plenty of lush, coffee-table photographs. For an excerpt, see below. Through the Seasons at Giverny. Infused with sunlight, blue sky, and white clouds, his red and yellow tulip fields shone luminously.

There were piles of these blooms on the banks of the canals. Occasionally he would mix flowers to give various color harmonies. This became the theme and variations of the flower garden, with new plants and color schemes being added all the time — blocks of yellow marigolds, for instance; long, wide lines of blue irises; gladioli in one color or a mixture of two; Japanese anemones in whites and pinks; mauve and orange snapdragons together.

Each one was planted seasonally with different annuals or biennials in specifically chosen colors, laid side by side, like daubs of color on a palette or on one of his canvases. At that time, the exact date is not certain but it was probably towards the latter part of the seventeenth century, all the bulb growers waged incessant warfare against all hyacinths raised from seeds or offshoots bearing flowers which in any way did not conform to the conventional notions of a perfect flower.

The idea of a double variety does not appear to have entered even into the dreams of the Dutch [flower lovers]. A flower of unusual form arrested his attention, and examination proved it to be a double hyacinth. It was very small, but he cultivated and multiplied it, and was soon able to place it on the market, whilst numerous amateur growers were found willing to pay high prices for the new bulb.

The latter was raised about , and was infinitely the finest of the first three varieties and over a thousand florins was paid for a single bulb. Fans of historic daffodils will be happy to hear that four rare volumes of The American Daffodil Year Book from are now available on CD. While he was away from Taliesin, his live-in companion, Mamah Cheney, and her two young children were murdered in a fire set by an employee gone berserk. He picked up the flower and stirred the earth around its roots to give the plant a new lease on life.

Every site has historic plants waiting to be rediscovered and re-appreciated. We also expanded our list of favorite mail-order sources for everything from heirloom tomatoes to antique waterlilies and our list of helpful groups such as Plant Heritage and the American Dahlia Society. And if your favorite group or source is missing from our lists, give us a holler.

We love learning from our friends. The modern varieties, of every tint from white through flesh color, coral, pink, ruby color, salmon, and even yellow, to deep red, are as beautiful as roses. Some are sweet-scented; and they have no thorns, and their foliage is ever perfect, so I am sure the rose is jealous. The plants always look like a well-dressed, well-shod, well-gloved girl of birth, breeding, and of equal good taste and good health; a girl who can swim, and skate, and ride, and play golf.

Every inch has a well-set, neat, cared for look which the shape and growth of the plant keeps from seeming artificial or finicky. In his book Ray focuses on modern forms, but when we asked him to recommend a few heirlooms, he gladly obliged:.

Many perform just as well as or even better than newer beauties. In a small town on the shores of Lake Superior, our friend Nancy McDonald decided to collect some of these relics and display them in a living museum of local garden history.

Historic farmlands all across America are threatened by development. We first read the news in the excellent newsletter of the Library of American Landscape History subscribe at lalh. This practice, in which individual landowners farm adjacent parcels laid out in long, unfenced strips, dates back to medieval Europe. Local land trusts and historic preservation groups have been on the case for years, helping farmers preserve pieces of the Great Meadow.

Located in Lake Oswego, Oregon, the Rogerson Collection includes over clematis species and cultivars, including a recent gift from Poland of rare varieties bred by the late Brother Stefan Franczak.

Though far from slick, the site is well worth exploring, and Julie has big plans for developing it as an educational resource. Give it a look! Once Upon a Time. Cemeteries today are no longer a central part of most of our lives, and many are moldering into ruin. As our friend Jane White will tell you, the key to reviving them is to get people visiting them for something other than graveside services.

As attractive as any coffee-table book and full of charm, Once Upon a Time is an unconventional how-to manual for anyone who wants to bring new life to a neglected historic place. Do yourself and your community a favor and ask your local public library to purchase a copy. If you missed it, no problem. Check for rebroadcasts or watch full streaming video of it along with multiple extras at pbs. All in all this is a fascinating, thought-provoking show.

Published in Charleston in , it lists plants, including these 25 ornamental bulbous ones along with garlic and leeks. Arum, esculent; Indian kale, Arum esculentum [probably Colocasia esculenta ]. Corn-flag, common, Gladiolus communis [most likely G.

Daffodil, Narcissus poeticus [see also Jonquil and Polyanthes]. Jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla [see also Daffodil and Polyanthes].

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